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Flemish Bond Brickwork

The introduction of Flemish Bond Brickwork in the 17th century introduced not just strength, but a great aesthetic look to buildings. This bond was more often used on private buildings.

flemish bond brickwork


Flemish Bond

This is were alternate bricks are placed as header and stretcher in every course. Each header is placed centrally between the stretcher immediately above and below to maintain an even bond. This bond like others, is rarely used today on new modern buildings and is more suited to garden walling and feature structures. It can be a very difficult bond to get to grips withm because it requires great attention to detail.

You will notice in the graphic that i have highlighted the only cut you should have and is called a Queen Closer. This Closer is used with many 215mm wide walls, such as English Bond and Monk Bond. Setting out this bond can be very complicated when piers and angles are introduced into the design.

flemish bond brickwork front view


You will notice also that i have used the closer as a half, rather than a full slice down the middle of a brick. I have done this, because i have noticed that modern bricks tend to shatter a lot more and can lead to a lot of wastage. You can of course use a Masonry Bench Saw, this machine is a great aid to achieving very neat results, but these are expensive and not always allowed for in the budget.

There are many alternatives to how people seem to set out flemish bond on the same course when returning the course and have shown this in a series of images.


flemish bond front view

Flemish Bond front view

flemish bond end view

Flemish Bond end view















They do require some experience and i have written an article about masonry cutting machines and you can find it Here

In todays modern construction world, Flemish Bond is still used on building, but is mainly used as a half brick configuration and is a kind of a cheat. This means the wall is only 102.5mm wide and will require the need for half bricks, as well as Queen Closers.

The configurations for this bond are endless and will often require the use of a very skilled Bricklayer, they are few and far between today!


  1. I find your illustration excellent and very proud of your effort. Just a point of correction. What you refer to as Queen closure should actually be queen closer; at least that is what I was taught under Mackay advanced Building Technology. This does not take away your excellent illustrations and am sure you would mind me linking my students to your website?
    Kind regards

    • Thank you for pointing this out – I have changed the words. You are most welcome to link to the site.

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