Flemish Bond Brickwork
The introduction of Flemish Bond in the 17th century introduced not just strength, but a great aesthetic look to buildings. This bond was more often used on private buildings.
This is were alternate bricks are placed as header and stretcher in every course. Each header is placed centrally between the stretcher immediately above and below to maintain an even bond. This bond like others, is rarely used today on new modern buildings and is more suited to garden walling and feature structures. It can be a very difficult bond to get to grips withm because it requires great attention to detail.
You will notice in the graphic that i have highlighted the only cut you should have and is called a Queen Closure or King Closure . This Closure is used with many 225mm wide walls, such as English Bond and Monk Bond. Setting out this bond can be very complicated when piers and angles are introduced into the design.
You will notice also that i have used the closure as a half, rather than a full slice down the middle of a brick. I have done this, because i have noticed that modern bricks tend to shatter a lot more and can lead to a lot of wastage. You can of course use a Masonry Bench Saw, this machine is a great aid to achieving very neat results, but these are expensive and not always allowed for in the budget.
There are many alternatives to how people seem to set out flemish bond on the same course when returning the course and have shown this in a series of images.
Flemish Bond first course setting out
Flemish Bond second course setting out
Flemish Bond front view
Flemish Bond end view
They do require some experience and i have written an article about masonry cutting machines and you can find it Here
In todays modern construction world, Flemish Bond is still used on building, but is mainly used as a half brick configuration and is a kind of a cheat. This means the wall is only 102.5mm wide and will require the need for half bricks, as well as Queen Closures.
The configurations for this bond are endless and will often require the use of a very skilled bricklayer, they are few and far between today!